Water Related Diseases
The water-related diseases have basically been eliminated in the wealthier countries. However it is a major problem within the African villages. With a death toll of four billion from diarrhea each year (World Health Organization, 2000), a lack of clean water is what brings this result. Unclean water is responsible for additional diseases such as cholera, guinea worm, thyhpoid, and intestinal worms, which kill more than 8 million people throughout the world each year. Water-related diseases typically are placed into four categories. These include waterborn, water-washed, water-based and water-related insect vectors.
Waterborn diseases are caused by the ingestion of water contaminated by human or animal faeces or urine containing pathogenic bacteria or viruses. These include cholera, typhoid, amoebic and bacillary dysentary, among other diarrheal diseases.
Water-washed diseases are caused by poor personal hygience and skin or eye contact with contaminated water, including scabies, trachoma and flea, lice and tick-borne diseases. Without clean water these issues continue to arise.
Water-based diseases are caused by parasites found in intermediate organisms that live in the contaminated water, including dracunculiasis, schistosomiasis and other helminths.
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 80 percent of all sickness in the world can be blamed on unsafe water and poor hygiene, especially in the villages of Africa. These villages are being ignored, receiving no attention.
Water-related diseases are caused by insect vectors, especially mosquitoes that breed within the water. Diseases coming from this include dengue, filariasis, malaria, onchocerciasis, trypanosomiasis, and yellow fever.
All of the aforementioned categories of water diseases arise from the lack of clean water. Without an adequate supply of water, disease and death are sure to come. Parasites reside within the water in the African villages and enter the human body through drinking. These parasites eventually increase in size and eventually take over the human bodies immune system. Insects are also drinking this water and then biting humans, passing the disease on. With all of these diseases knowingly coming from contaminated water, the question must be asked why we allow insects, much less human beings to drink from this bacteria-trap. They have no other choice unless something is done to give them that choice and purify this water.